TEENS - IQ & EQ TREASURES
(emotional quotient) tests became prominent
recently, after a century of dominance by the
IQ (intelligence quotient) test. The
IQ is used to measure the mental ability of
a person for specific purposes by specific IQ
tests. The tests are mainly classified
- Visual- Spatial
- Logical reasoning
- Abstract Reasoning
As we gradually unlock the secrets of the mind,
we have come to realize that the mental capacity
stored in the brain is as vast as the oceans:
it can express emotions and convey meaning,
think in abstract terms.
limitations of the traditional IQ test are the
main reasons that the EQ test has come into
fashion. IQ tests can
only calculate linguistic, logical, and spatial
intelligence, while the EQ test includes intrapersonal
and interpersonal intelligence.
can IQ and EQ tests really cover all of the
brain's forms of intelligence?
problem is most likely that whenever we want
to use a yardstick or standard to judge intelligence,
at some point it will always fall short.
the birth of neuro-science in the 19th century,
a number of physiologists have attempted to
find a skeleton key to understanding the connection
between the brain and
mind, whether through studying the brain's
weight, its structure, or inherited genes. Up
to this point, however, there has been no way
to answer any of these profound mysteries. Scientists
know, however, that there are roughly ten
billion neurons - the basic units that
control the brain's functions-whose endings
form a huge number of synaptic links to receive
information from all directions. This type of
structure, like a massive modem, demonstrates
that the brain has a kind of plasticity, and
in a complex, rich environment, a diversity
of stimuli and learning will all reinforce connections
between neurons. This is to say, then, that
appropriate training can
strengthen the brain's functions.
every person has a creative, unique brain, the
limits to which we can push the brain's potential
depend entirely on how we activate and stimulate
Q (Emotional intelligence)
refers to intelligence. EQ, on the other hand,
refers to “emotional intelligence”,
a term that two researchers, Salovey and Mayer,
coined as recently as 1990.
The good news is that
EQ can be learned. We all know that many
emotions come with pain, others with pleasure.
What most of us do not realize is that we have
both authority and choice over these emotions.
Feelings or emotions depend on many factors.
Some are genetically determined, but most of
them are largely taught. All emotions are normal
and there are no such things as “right”
and “wrong” emotions. But there
certainly are “destructive” and
and their effects are obvious.
Mood is important to all
of us – a good mood make us think and
feel better. It makes us more optimistic, more
creative, more tolerant, more loving and it
improves the quality of our interpersonal relationships.
It also improves our level of commitment, resolve
and focus in life.
The numerous negative emotions like excessive
worrying, fear, sorrow and anger have the opposite
effect and has the tendency to engulf us to
such a degree that we become totally self absorbed,
egocentric and unaware of others, their feelings
and the numerous pleasures that life has to
offer. We lose focus of our purpose and role
popularity of IQ and EQ tests may not have receded,
but these standards are already showing signs
of transformation. In discussions on education
it is now popular to talk about creativity
are “emotions” ?
Goleman tells us that the word “emotion”
comes from the Latin word, “motere”
plus the prefix “e”, implying “to
move away”. Emotions are nothing more
than impulses or stimuli to act. Emotions are
automatic, implying that they are engrained
into our subconscious minds. We do not need
to think before we act. This feat enables us
to jump out of the way of a speeding car or
dive into a pool to save a drowning child. These
dramatic events take place within a split second.
Extreme emotions like love or fear are easy
to identify. Many other emotions are “mixed”
and belong somewhere “in between”.
They are complex and therefore difficult to
recognise. Some may last for minutes, others
may linger for weeks.
Emotions are crucial survival instincts that
we have inherited from the dinosaurs. With
anger, we release adrenalin into our
systems. This increases our heart rate, bringing
more oxygen and energy to our bodies. We focus
more clearly, our hands clench tightly, ready
to grasp a weapon and to attack. With fear,
our minds stop thinking and blood rushes to
our leg muscles in preparation for running.
Happiness has an
opposite effect. The brain inhibits most negative
feelings such as worry, fear and pessimism.
As with anger, we also become more energised.
This new energy stimulates us into readiness
and enthusiasm, creating the ambition to strive
for greater goals. Love
takes this to the limit with empathy, compassion,
calmness and contentment.
us raise our eyebrows, widening our gaze and
preparing our brains to receive and process
more information. Disgust makes us raise our
upper lip and wrinkle our noses, almost as though
a dinosaur smelt something disgusting. Sadness
prepares us to adjust for loss. Our energy diminishes,
our enthusiasm dwindles and we prepare for a
period of quiet introspection.
All animals experience a degree of the above
emotions. The only difference with the human
mind is that we have a higher, more developed
capability to think about them.
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